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Taxon profile

class

Echinoidea Leske, 1778

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Echinodermata - echinoderms »  subphylum Echinozoa

Temporal range:Ordovician – recent

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Images

Sphaerechinus granularis - Violet Sea Urchin

Sphaerechinus granularis - Violet Sea Urchin

Author: Jiří Novák

Heterocentrotus mammillatus - Slate Pencil Urchin

Heterocentrotus mammillatus - Slate Pencil Urchin

Author: Dr. James P. McVey

Functions restricted to taxon Echinoidea

Included taxa

Number of records: 41

subclass Cidaroidea Smith, 1984
subclass Euechinoidea Bronn, 1860

Unplaced taxa

infraclass Acroechinoidea Smith, 1981

Fossil taxa

family Archaeocidaridae McCoy, 1844 inc.sed.
family Bothriocidaridae Klem, 1904 inc.sed.
family Cravenechinidae Hawkins, 1946 inc.sed.
family Echinocystitidae Gregory, 1897 inc.sed.
family Eothuriidae MacBride & Spencer, 1938 inc.sed.
family Lenticidaridae Smith, 1994 inc.sed.
family Lepidesthidae Jackson, 1896 inc.sed.
family Lepidocentridae Loven, 1874 inc.sed.
family Palaechinidae McCoy, 1849 inc.sed.
family Paurocidaridae Vadet, 2001 inc.sed.
family Proterocidaridae Smith, 1984 inc.sed.
family Tiarechinidae Gregory, 1897 inc.sed.
family Triadocidaridae Smith, 1990 inc.sed.
genus Aulechinus Bather & Spencer, 1934 inc.sed.
genus Bramus de Gregorio, 1930 inc.sed.
genus Bromidechinus Smith & Savill, 2001 inc.sed.
genus Gajechinus Lambert & Thiéry, 1914 inc.sed.
genus Ombria Quenstedt, 1873 inc.sed.

Nomina dubia dub.

genus Batheritiaris Vadet, 2001 inc.sed. dub.
genus Brangema Nicolleau & Vadet, 1995 inc.sed. dub.
genus Braunechinus Vadet, 2001 inc.sed. dub.
genus Crinocidaris de Gregorio, 1930 inc.sed. dub.
genus Dallonia Lambert in Dalloni, 1920 inc.sed. dub.
genus Firmacidaris Lambert, 1937 inc.sed. dub.
genus Kieritiaris Vadet, 2001 inc.sed. dub.
genus Kongielechinus Jesionek-Szymanska, 1979 inc.sed. dub.
genus Lanternarius Regnéll, 1956 inc.sed. dub.
genus Mizunamia Ishijima & Hatai, 1973 inc.sed. dub.
genus Panniericidaris Vadet, 1991 inc.sed. dub.
genus Pleurechinus L. Agassiz, 1841 inc.sed. dub.
genus Protocidaris Whidborne, 1898 inc.sed. dub.
genus Rhoechinus Keeping, 1876 inc.sed. dub.
genus Silurocidaris Regnéll, 1956 inc.sed. dub.
genus Thielicidaris Vadet, 2001 inc.sed. dub.
genus Tornquistellus Berg, 1899 inc.sed. dub.
genus Vernius de Gregorio, 1930 inc.sed. dub.
genus Wissmannechinus Vadet, 2001 inc.sed. dub.
genus Zardinitiaris Vadet, 2001 inc.sed. dub.

Links and literature


Data source info

Smith A. B. (ed.) (2005): Echinoid Directory, Natural History Museum, London
[Data retrieved on: 17 December 2006]

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Taxa (not confirmed) - 2
Comments


Explanations

extinct taxon

inc.sed. incertae sedis - uncertain placement within this taxon

dub. nomen dubium - name of unknown or doubtful application