CZ EN
SEARCH  

Taxon profile

species

Queen Victoria's Cone
Conus victoriae Reeve, 1843

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Mollusca - mollusks »  class Gastropoda - gastropods »  order Neogastropoda »  family Conidae »  genus Conus - Cones »  subgenus Cylinder

Scientific synonyms

Cylinder victoriae (Reeve, 1843)
Conus complanatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1866

Other names

= Victoria Cone

Least Concern

Images

Conus victoriae - Queen Victoria's Cone

Author: Jan Delsing

Conus victoriae - Queen Victoria's Cone

Author: Röckel et al

Conus victoriae - Queen Victoria's Cone

Author: Jan Delsing

Taxon in country check-lists*

* List of countries might not be complete

Description

Medium-sized to moderately large (34-97 mm), moderately solid to solid; in C. victoriae, relative weight of similarly sized shells may vary by 50%. Last whorl ventricosely conical, also ovate or conoid-cylindrical in C. victoriae; outline convex, often less so to nearly straight below adapical third; left side concave to nearly straight at basal third. Shoulder angulate to sometimes subangulate. Spire of low to moderate height, outline usually concave to straight. Larval shell of 1.75-2 whorls, maximum diameter 1-1.1 mm. First 3.5-6.5 postnuclear whorls tuberculate. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to slightly concave, with 1 increasing to 6-12 variably tine, weak to obsolete spiral grooves.
Ground colour white, often suffused with light blue and/or overlaid with yellowish or orangish brown. Colour pattern extremely variable: Last whorl in typical form with a network of fine light to blackish brown lines edging very small to medium-sized tents. Yellowish or orangish to blackish brown blotches arranged in 2-3 or more interrupted to continuous spiral bands and interspersed with coarse darker axial lines. Shells with typical pattern intergrade with shells with an axial pattern of bands and streaks to closely spaced fine wavy axial lines; pattern varies from completely white shells to shells heavily patterned on a brown or blue ground. Larval whorls and often also earliest postnuclear sutural ramps immaculate white. Following sutural ramps matching last whorl in colour pattern. Aperture white to pink, pinkish violet, bluish violet or blue. Periostracum yellow-grey, thin, translucent, smooth.
Röckel, D. , Korn, W. & Kohn, A., 1995. Manual of the living Conidae.

Distribution

Australia; Northern Territory to N. W. Cape;
On mud and sand bottoms of coral reef, beneath and among rocks and in rock pools, exposed or buried in sand.
Röckel, D. , Korn, W. & Kohn, A., 1995. Manual of the living Conidae.
Author: Jan Delsing

Links and literature

EN Galli C.: WMSDB - Wolrdwide Mollusc Species Data Base July 10, 2013 [http://www.bagniliggia.it/WMSD/WMSDhome....] [as Cylinder victoriae Reeve, 1843]
Data retrieved on: 2 February 2014
CZ Pfleger V. (1999): České názvy živočichů III. Měkkýši (Mollusca), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 108 pp. [as Conus victoriae REEVE, 1843]
Data retrieved on: 11 November 2013

Contributions to BioLib

Help us to expand this encyclopedia! If you are logged in, you can add new subtaxa, vernacular and scientific names, texts, images or intertaxon relationships for this taxon.

Comments