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Taxon profile

species

Praemegaceros cazioti (Depéret, 1897)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Chordata - chordates »  class Mammalia - mammals »  order Cetartiodactyla - even-toed ungulates »  family Cervidae - deer and moose »  genus Praemegaceros

Scientific synonyms

Cervus (Eucladoceros) cazioti Depéret, 1897 o
Cervus algarensis
Megaceroides (Nesoleipoceros) cazioti (Depéret, 1897)
Megaceros (Anoglochis) cretensis (Simonelli, 1907)
Megaceros (Nesoleipoceros) cazioti (Depéret, 1897)
Megaceros algarensis (Comaschi Caria, 1956)
Megaceros cazioti (Depéret, 1897)
Megaloceros algarensis (Comaschi Caria, 1956)
Megaloceros cazioti (Depéret, 1897)
Nesoleipoceros algarensis (Comaschi Caria, 1956)

Temporal range:Upper Pleistocene

Taxon in country check-lists*

* List of countries might not be complete

Diagnosis (CROITOR, 2006): A rather medium-sized species slightly larger than fallow deer. The antler beam is compressed dorso-ventrally in its proximal part. The distal part of antler is compressed latero-medially. The subbasal and dorsal tines are missing. The basal tine is straight, sharp, situated on the lateral side of the beam and pointed toward the anterior. The middle tine is compressed dorso-ventrally. The position of posterior tine may be variable with respect to the middle tine. The middle portion of antler has large flat posterior crown tines that may form a small palmation. The distal part of antler may have small ramifications situated on the anterior and posterior sides of the beam. The burr is set obliquely with respect to the beam. The pedicles are slightly compressed dorso-ventrally. The cranial morphology is not paedomorphic and maintains normal proportions for a deer of medium size. The nasal bones do not reach behind the line connecting the anterior edges of orbits. The ethmoidal openings normally are developed; they may be reduced in some cases. The preorbital fossae are reduced. The praemaxillary bones are broad and square-shaped. The diastema of lower mandible is shorter than length of lower molar series. The fourth lower premolar is not molarised.
DEPERET (1897) established the species Cervus (Eucladoceros) cazioti based on a fragment of shed left antler (DEPERET 1897: tab. 2, fig. 1) and a fragment of left ramus of mandible with complete tooth row (ibidem: 116, tab. 2, fig. 2-2a). The original description is detailed and supplemented with figures. However, the species description does not provide the formal diagnosis and a type designation. Hereby, the described specimens may be automatically regarded as syntypes.

Links and literature

CROITOR, R., 2006. Taxonomy and systematics of large-sized deer of the genus Praemegaceros Portis, 1920 (Cervidae, Mammalia). In: R. D. Kahlke, L. C. Maul, P. P. A. Mazza (Eds.): Late Neogene and Quaternary biodiversity and evolution: Regional developments and interregional correlations. Volume I. Courrier Forsch.-Institut Senckenberg, 256, 91-116.
Data retrieved on: 30 November 2015
DEPERET Ch., (1897): Etude de quelques gisements nouveaux de Vertébrés pléistocènes de l’île de Corce. – Annales Societe Linnéenne Lyon, 44 (1): 111-128; Lyon. [as Cervus (Eucladoceros) cazioti]
COMASCHI CARIA I. (1956). - Specie nuova di Cervo nel Quaternario di Alghero (Sardegna). – Rendiconti Seminario Facoltà di Schienze, Università di Cagliari, 25, 3-4, pp. 1-6, Cagliari. [as Megaloceros algarensis]
COMASCHI CARIA I. (1955). - Resti di Cervidi nel Quaternario di Porto Vesme (Sardegna sud-occidentale). Rivista Italiana di Stratigrafia e Paleontologia, 55, pp. 17-22, Milan. [as Megaceros (Anoglochis) cretensis]
AZZAROLI A. (1961). - Il nanismo nei cervi insulari. Paleontographia Italica, LVI (n.ser. XXVI), pp. 1-31. [as Megaceros cazioti]
RADULESCO C. & SAMSON P. (1967). - Sur un noveau cerf megacerin du Pleistocene moyen de la depression de Brasov (Roumanie): Geologica Romana, 6, pp. 317-344. [as Nesoleipoceros algarensis]
RADULESCO C. & SAMSON P. (1967). - Sur un noveau cerf megacerin du Pleistocene moyen de la depression de Brasov (Roumanie): Geologica Romana, 6, pp. 317-344. [as Nesoleipoceros cazioti]
CALOI L. & PALOMBO M.-R. (1995b). - Il megacerino di Dragonaria: interpretazione funzionale di alcuni caratteri cranici. Geologica Romana, 31, pp. 29-40. [as Megaceroides (Nesoleipoceros) cazioti]
CALOI L. & MALATESTA A. (1974). - Il Cervo Pleistocenico di Sardegna. Memorie di Instituto Itaiano di Paleontologia Umana, 2, pp. 162-247. [as Megaceros (Nesoleipoceros) cazioti]
AZZAROLI A. (1961). - Il nanismo nei cervi insulari. Paleontographia Italica, LVI (n.ser. XXVI), pp. 1-31. [as Megaceros algarensis]
AZZAROLI A. (1961). - Il nanismo nei cervi insulari. Paleontographia Italica, LVI (n.ser. XXVI), pp. 1-31. [as Megaceros cazioti]
RADULESCO C. & SAMSON P. (1967). - Sur un noveau cerf megacerin du Pleistocene moyen de la depression de Brasov (Roumanie): Geologica Romana, 6, pp. 317-344. [as Nesoleipoceros algarensis]
RADULESCO C. & SAMSON P. (1967). - Sur un noveau cerf megacerin du Pleistocene moyen de la depression de Brasov (Roumanie): Geologica Romana, 6, pp. 317-344. [as Nesoleipoceros cazioti]
VISLOBOKOVA I. A. (1981). On early evolution of Megacerines. Paleontological Journal, 4, pp. 105-117, Moscow (in Russian). [as Praemegaceros (Nesoleipoceros) cazioti]
Ambrosetti, P., 1967. Cromerian Fauna of the Rome Area. Quaternaria 9, 267-283. [as Megaceros (Nesoleipoceros) cazioti]

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Explanations

extinct taxon

o original combination

species extinct in area described by check-list