Taxon profile


Vipera berus (Linnaeus, 1758)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Chordata - chordates »  order Squamata - lizards and snakes »  family Viperidae - vipers »  genus Vipera - Common Vipers »  species group Pelias

Scientific synonyms

Chersea vulgaris Fleming, 1822
Coluber berus Linnaeus, 1758
Coluber caeruleus Sheppard, 1804
Coluber chersea Linnaeus, 1758
Coluber chersea var. marasso Pollini, 1818
Coluber melanis Pallas, 1771
Coluber prester Linnaeus, 1761
Coluber sachalinensis continentalis Nikolski, 1927
Coluber scytha Pallas, 1773
Coluber vipera anglorum Laurenti, 1768

Other names

= Common Cross Adder
= Common European Adder
= Common European Viper
= Cross Adder
= Crossed Viper

Least Concern


juvenile animal

Taxon in country check-lists*

* List of countries might not be complete


Intertaxon relationships

predator: Coronella austriaca Laurenti, 1768 - Smooth Snake

Related glossary terms


Distribution maps

Included taxa

Number of records: 5

subspecies Vipera berus berus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Vipera berus berus

subspecies Vipera berus bosniensis Boettger, 1889

Vipera berus bosniensis

subspecies Vipera berus sachalinensis Zarevskij, 1917
form Vipera berus m. chersea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Vipera berus m. chersea

form Vipera berus m. prester (Linnaeus, 1758) - Melanistic Adder

Vipera berus m. prester - Melanistic Adder

Links and literature

EN ARKive [/adder/vipera-berus/]

ARKive []
Data retrieved on: 16 December 2010
EN Fauna Europaea 2.4 [214764]

de Jong, Y.S.D.M. (ed.): Fauna Europaea [] [as Vipera berus (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 9 March 2012
EN HR Check lists of Croatian Reptiles [] [as Vipera berus (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 31 July 2012

Contributions to BioLib

Help us to expand this encyclopedia! If you are logged in, you can add new subtaxa, vernacular and scientific names, texts, images or intertaxon relationships for this taxon.

Names (not confirmed) - 13