Taxon profile


African Ass
Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Chordata - chordates »  class Mammalia - mammals »  order Perissodactyla - odd-toed ungulates »  family Equidae - horses »  genus Equus - horses »  subgenus Asinus - ass

Scientific synonyms

Asinus asinus (Linnaeus, 1758)

IUCN category:Critically Endangered


juvenile animal

Taxon in country check-lists*

* List of countries might not be complete


Although Equus asinus is older than Equus africanus, the ICZN (Opinion 2027, Case 3010) decided to "conserve the usage of 17 specific names based on wild species, which are pre-dated by or contemporary with those based on domestic forms".
Hence, taxonomists who consider the domestic horse a subspecies of the wild horse should use Equus africanus asinus.

Included taxa

Number of records: 4

subspecies Equus asinus africanus Fitzinger, 1857 - Nubian Wild Ass
subspecies Equus asinus atlanticus Thomas, 1884 - Atlas Wild Ass
subspecies Equus asinus somalicus P. L. Sclater, 1885 - Somali Wild Ass

Equus asinus somalicus - Somali Wild Ass

form Equus asinus f. asinus Linnaeus, 1758 - Donkey

Equus asinus f. asinus - Donkey

Links and literature

EN Australian Faunal Directory [8172ded2-e2a6-4a86-90b0-4702e7b66a6b]

ABRS (2009-2015): Australian Faunal Directory [], Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra [as Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758]
Data retrieved on: 8 February 2015
EN Wilson D. E., Reeder D. M. (editors) (2005): Mammal Species of the World (MSW). A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed) [] [as Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758]
Data retrieved on: 5 December 2008
CZ Anděra M. (1999): České názvy živočichů II. Savci (Mammalia), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 147 pp. [as Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758]

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extinct taxon