Taxon profile


Violaceae Batsch

kingdom Plantae - plants »  divisio Magnoliophyta - flowering plants »  class Rosopsida - eudicots »  order Malpighiales


CZ   EN  


Worldwide, but rare in arid areas of the Old world.


Sister group of Violaceae are Passifloraceae. Other close relatives within the order are Salicaceae, Achariaceae and Lacistemataceae.
On the most basal position within the family is genus Fusispermum, which forms a separate subfamily and shows intermediate characters between Violaceae and Passifloraceae.


Jacobs M. & Moore D. M. (1971): Violaceae. - In: van Steenis C. G. G. J. [ed.]: Flora Malesiana 7(1). - Leiden, 179-212.

Kirschner J. & Skalický V. (1990): Violaceae Batsch. – In: Hejný S. et Slavík B. [eds.], Květena České republiky, vol. 2. – Academia, Praha, 394–431.

Tokuoka T. (2008): Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Violaceae (Malpighiales) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. - J. Plant Res. 121: 253–260.

Yousheng Ch., Qiner Y., Ohba H. & Nikitin V. V. (2007): Violaceae Batsch. – In: Wu Z. Y. et Raven P. H. [eds.], Flora of China 13. – Science Press, Beijing, 74–111.

Included taxa

Number of records: 3

subfamily Fusipermoideae Hekking
subfamily Leonioideae Melch.
subfamily Violoideae Burnett

Links and literature

CZ EN Hejný S., Slavík B., (Eds.) (2003): KVĚTENA ČR, díl 2, Academia, Praha, 540 str.

Contributions to BioLib

Help us to expand this encyclopedia! If you are logged in, you can add new subtaxa, vernacular and scientific names, texts, images or intertaxon relationships for this taxon.