Taxon profile


Common European Toad
Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Chordata - chordates »  class Amphibia - amphibians »  order Anura »  family Bufonidae - toads »  genus Bufo - toad

Scientific synonyms

Batrachus buffo Rafinesque, 1814
Bombinator ventricosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Buffo strumosus Lacépède, 1788
Bufo alpinus Schinz, 1833
Bufo carbunculus Bonaparte, 1835
Bufo cinereus Schneider, 1799
Bufo cinereus var. hybridus Koch, 1872
Bufo cinereus var. medius Koch
Bufo cinereus var. minor Koch, 1872
Bufo communis Günther, 1859

Other names

= Common Toad

Least Concern



juvenile animal



Taxon in country check-lists*

* List of countries might not be complete


Intertaxon relationships

parasite: Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Longcore, Pessier & D. K. Nichols - Chytrid Frog Fungi, Lucilia bufonivora Moniez, 1876

Distribution maps

Included taxa

Number of records: 3

subspecies Bufo bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758) - Common Toad

Bufo bufo bufo - Common Toad

subspecies Bufo bufo gredosicola Müller & Hellmich, 1935 - Gredos toad

Bufo bufo gredosicola - Gredos toad

subspecies Bufo bufo spinosus Daudin, 1803 - Spiny toad

Bufo bufo spinosus - Spiny toad

Links and literature

EN ARKive [/common-toad/bufo-bufo/]

ARKive []
Data retrieved on: 16 December 2010
EN Fauna Europaea 2.4 [177878]

de Jong, Y.S.D.M. (ed.): Fauna Europaea [] [as Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 9 March 2012
EN Frost D. R.: Amphibian Species of the World [], American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA [as Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 22 January 2011
DE Zootier-Lexikon [493:erdkroete-bufo-bufo&Itemid=628]

Dollinger P.: Zootier-Lexikon
Data retrieved on: 26 November 2018
CZ Moravec J. (2001): České názvy živočichů IV. Obojživelníci (Amphibia), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 148 pp. [as Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)]
EN HR Check lists of Croatian Aphibians [] [as Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 31 July 2012

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