Taxon profile


Common European Toad
Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Chordata - chordates »  class Amphibia - amphibians »  order Anura »  family Bufonidae - toads »  genus Bufo - toad

Scientific synonyms

Rana bufo Linnaeus, 1758
Pegaeus bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rana acephala Schneider, 1799
Bufo vulgaris var. acutirostris Lessona, 1877
Bufo alpinus Schinz, 1833
Batrachus buffo Rafinesque, 1814
Bufo carbunculus Bonaparte, 1835
Bufo cinereus Schneider, 1799
Bufo vulgaris cinereus Schneider, 1799
Bufo communis Günther, 1859

Other names

= Common Toad

Least Concern



juvenile animal



Taxon in country check-lists*

* List of countries might not be complete


Intertaxon relationships

parasite: Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Longcore, Pessier & D. K. Nichols - Chytrid Frog Fungi, Lucilia bufonivora Moniez, 1876

Related glossary terms

Included taxa

Number of records: 3

subspecies Bufo bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758) - Common Toad

Bufo bufo bufo - 000000000011

subspecies Bufo bufo gredosicola Müller & Hellmich, 1935 - Gredos toad

Bufo bufo gredosicola - 0000000000 1

subspecies Bufo bufo spinosus Daudin, 1803 - Spiny toad

Bufo bufo spinosus - 0000000001 1

Links and literature

EN Fauna Europaea 2.4 [177878]

de Jong, Y.S.D.M. (ed.): Fauna Europaea [] [as Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 9 March 2012
EN Frost D. R.: Amphibian Species of the World [], American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA [as Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 22 January 2011
DE Zootier-Lexikon [493:erdkroete-bufo-bufo&Itemid=628]

Dollinger P.: Zootier-Lexikon
Data retrieved on: 26 November 2018
CZ Moravec J. (2001): České názvy živočichů IV. Obojživelníci (Amphibia), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 148 pp. [as Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)]
EN HR Check lists of Croatian Aphibians [] [as Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 31 July 2012

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