Taxon profile


Pulmonata Cuvier in Blainville, 1814

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Mollusca - mollusks »  class Gastropoda - gastropods »  subclass Heterobranchia


Functions restricted to taxon Pulmonata

Important groups

Clausiliidae - door snails, Vitrinidae - glass snails
CZ   EN  


The subclass Pulmonata includes all mollusks breathing air. They are normal gastropods, having a broad foot and usually, a large spiral, inoperculate shell. Although mostly terrestrial, a
few aquatic and a number of fluviatile forms are here included. There are no marine species, but the Auriculidae are in great part inhabitants of seashores where, at hightide, they are covered by the waters. As to food, some are carnivorous, but the sub class is, as a rule, phytophagous. The teeth are numerous, similar, recurved, aculeated or dentate at the extremity, with broad pavimental bases. These teeth are developed many in a row, upon a broad lingual ribbon ; when the rows are straight the teeth are similar throughout, when curved or angulated the forms of the teeth become more or less changed. There is usually a single, rather conspicuous upper jaw, composed of one or of three pieces never of two pieces as in the branchiferous mollusks. Sexes united in each individual, but the union of two individ
uals required for mutual impregnation. Genital orifices sometimes contiguous, opening in a common cloaca, sometimes distinct.

The Pulmonata are related to phytophagous sea-snails through the Cyclostomae or operculated landsnails, and the Ampullariae, to the limpets through Gadinia, Siphonaria, to the nudibranchs
through Onchidium.
Tryon, G.W. & Pilsbry, H.A.; Manual of Conchology. Second Series. Volume 1; Testacellidae, Oleacinidae, Streptaxidae, Helicoidea, Vitrinidae, Limacidae, Arionidae.
Author: Jan Delsing

Recently completed profiles

Marinula parva (Swainson, 1855) - Small Air-breather
Marinula meridionalis J. Brazier, 1872
Marinula King & Broderip, 1832
Ellobiidae H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854
Ampelita cadaverosus H.A. Pilsbry
Ampelita funebris (P.M.A. Morelet, 1877)
Ampelita sepulchralis A. de Férussac, 1820
Pedinogyra rotabilis (Reeve, 1852)
Pedinogyra hayii (Griffith & Pidgeon, 1833)
Moellendorffia loxotata (Mabille, 1887)

Included taxa

Number of records: 6

suborder Basommatophora Keferstein, 1864
suborder Stylommatophora A. Schmidt, 1855
suborder Systellommatophora Pilsbry, 1948

Unplaced taxa

superfamily Ellobioidea H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854 inc.sed.
superfamily Otinoidea H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855 inc.sed.
superfamily Trimusculoidea Zilch, 1959 inc.sed.

Links and literature

EN Australian Faunal Directory [6a61fbda-2cfe-45b3-a6c9-b3eecb8b8b55]

ABRS (2009-2019): Australian Faunal Directory [], Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra [as Pulmonata]
Data retrieved on: 23 July 2015
CZ Pfleger V. (1999): České názvy živočichů III. Měkkýši (Mollusca), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 108 pp. [as Pulmonata]
Data retrieved on: 11 November 2013

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inc.sed. incertae sedis - uncertain placement within this taxon