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Taxon profile

species

Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Mollusca - mollusks »  class Gastropoda - gastropods »  order Littorinimorpha »  family Cypraeidae - Cowries »  genus Luria

Scientific synonyms

Cypraea amethistina O. G. Costa, 1830
Cypraea aurora Monterosato, 1897
Cypraea kunthii Audouin, 1826
Cypraea leucogaster Gmelin, 1791
Cypraea lurida Linnaeus, 1758
Cypraea lurida oceanica Schilder, 1930
Cypraea lurida var. albida O. G. Costa, 1829
Cypraea lurida var. brunnea Monterosato, 1897
Cypraea lurida var. caerulescens Mollerat, 1890
Cypraea lurida var. cinerea Monterosato, 1897

Images

Taxon in country check-lists*

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Description

Protoconch adorned by a close reticulum (see comparison with Erosaria spurca). It can be recognized owing to two black spots per any limb. It is brown in colour (more or less intense ) and it can also show some darker streaks on the back, the base is white in colour with two orange-coloured spots at the limbs, the surface is bright. 5 cm max. in length. The male shell is usually smaller and stretched, the female shell is bigger and more roundish.
There were described several varieties in form and colour pattern as: maxima, minima, pubescens, turdiculus, cinerea, aurora, efasciata, nebulosa and so on.
It is a protected species so to be preserved by the shells collectors.
Scaperrotta, M. ,Bartolini, S. & Bogi, C., 2009. Accrescimenti, Vol. 1. Stages of growth of marine molluscs of the Mediterranean Sea. (secondary description)
Author: Jan Delsing

Included taxa

Number of records: 2

subspecies Luria lurida oceanica (Schilder, 1930)
subspecies Luria lurida pulchroides Alvardo & Alvarez, 1964

Links and literature

EN Galli C.: WMSDB - Wolrdwide Mollusc Species Data Base July 10, 2013 [http://www.bagniliggia.it/WMSD/WMSDhome....] [as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 23 November 2013
CZ Pfleger V. (1999): České názvy živočichů III. Měkkýši (Mollusca), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 108 pp. [as Cypraea lurida Linnaeus, 1758]
Data retrieved on: 11 November 2013
IT Repetto G., Orlando F. & Arduino G. (2005): Conchiglie del Mediterraneo, Amici del Museo "Federico Eusebio", Alba, Italy [as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758)]
EN Petović S., Gvozdenović S., Ikica Z. (2017): An Annotated Checklist of the Marine Molluscs of the South Adriatic Sea (Montenegro) and a Comparison with Those of Neighbouring Areas, Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 17: 921-934 [as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758)]
SP Prats Pi, L. (2002): Gastròpodes marins de la cala de Binissafúller, Menorca (Illes Balears) [http://www.molluscat.com/SPIRA/PDF/VOL1/...], Spira, 1(2): 21-24 [as Lurida lurida (Linnaeus, 1758)]

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