Taxon profile


Arctic Fox
Alopex lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Chordata - chordates »  class Mammalia - mammals »  order Carnivora - carnivores »  family Canidae - dogs and allies »  genus Alopex

Scientific synonyms

Canis lagopus Linnaeus, 1758
Vulpes lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Vulpes arctica Oken, 1816
Canis fuliginosus Bechstein, 1799
Canis groenlandicus Bechstein, 1799
Alopex lagopus foragorapusis (nomen nudum) n

Other names

= Blue Fox
= Ice Fox
= Polar Fox

Least Concern


juvenile animal


Taxon in country check-lists


Intertaxon relationships

parasite: Echinococcus multilocularis Leuckart, 1863, Sarcocystis alces Dahlgren et Gjerde, 2008

Included taxa

Number of records: 10

subspecies Alopex lagopus beringensis Merriam, 1902 - Bering Islands Arctic Fox
subspecies Alopex lagopus fuliginosus (Bechstein, 1799) - Iceland Arctic Fox

Alopex lagopus fuliginosus - 0000000001 1

subspecies Alopex lagopus groenlandicus Bechstein, 1799 - Greenland Arctic Fox
subspecies Alopex lagopus hallensis Merriam, 1900 - Hall Island Fox

Alopex lagopus hallensis - 000000000001000

subspecies Alopex lagopus innuitus Merriam, 1902

Alopex lagopus innuitus - 000000000001000

subspecies Alopex lagopus lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Common Arctix Fox

Alopex lagopus lagopus - 0000000001 1

subspecies Alopex lagopus pribilofensis Merriam, 1902 - Pribilof Island Arctic Fox

Alopex lagopus pribilofensis - 0000000001 1

subspecies Alopex lagopus semenovi Ognev, 1931 - Mednij Island fox
subspecies Alopex lagopus spitzbergenensis Barrett-Hamilton & Bonhote, 1898 - Spitzberg Island Fox
subspecies Alopex lagopus ungava Merriam, 1902 - Ungava Arctic Fox

Links and literature

EN Fauna Europaea 2.4 [305285]

de Jong, Y.S.D.M. (ed.): Fauna Europaea [] [as Alopex lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 9 March 2012
EN Wilson D. E., Reeder D. M. (editors) (2005): Mammal Species of the World (MSW). A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed) [] [as Vulpes lagopus Linnaeus, 1758]
Data retrieved on: 5 December 2008
DE Zootier-Lexikon [96:polarfuchs-alopex-lagopus&Itemid=243]

Dollinger P.: Zootier-Lexikon
Data retrieved on: 21 November 2018
CZ Anděra M. (1999): České názvy živočichů II. Savci (Mammalia), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 147 pp. [as Alopex lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758)]
EN Šefrová H., Laštůvka Z. (2005): Catalogue of alien animal species in the Czech Republic, Acta univ. agric. et silvic. Mendel. Brun., LIII, No. 4, pp. 151-170 [as Alopex lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 23 December 2018

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n invalid name - nomen nudum

i species introduced to area described by check-list