Taxon profile


Giant Indonesian Toad
Phrynoidis aspera (Gravenhorst, 1829)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Chordata - chordates »  class Amphibia - amphibians »  order Anura »  family Bufonidae - toads »  genus Phrynoidis

Scientific synonyms

Bufo asper Gravenhorst, 1829
Bufo obscurus
Bufo verrucigerus Mertens, 1924
Cyclogaster borneensis Steindachner, 1867
Nectes obscurus Barbour, 1904
Pseudobufo obscurus

Other names

= Asiatic Giant Toad
= River Toad

Least Concern


[There are yet no texts for this record.]

Links and literature

EN IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013.2 [54579]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species [] [as Phrynoidis aspera (Gravenhorst, 1829)]
Data retrieved on: 27 January 2014
EN Frost D. R.: Amphibian Species of the World [], American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA [as Phrynoidis aspera (Gravenhorst, 1829)]
Data retrieved on: 22 January 2011
CZ Moravec J. (2001): České názvy živočichů IV. Obojživelníci (Amphibia), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 148 pp. [as Bufo asper Gravenhorst, 1829]

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