Taxon profile


Rusty Hind
Cephalopholis aitha Randall & Heemstra, 1991

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Chordata - chordates »  class Actinopterygii - ray-finned fishes »  order Perciformes - perch-likes »  family Serranidae - sea basses and groupers »  genus Cephalopholis


Body depth contained 2.5 to 2.9 times in standard length. Head length contained 2.1 to 2.3 times in standard length; preopercle rounded, the posterior edge finely serrate, the lower edge fleshy; upper edge of operculum very convex; maxilla extends past eye; teeth noticeably large. Gill rakers 8 to 9 on upper limb and 16 to 19 on lower limb. Dorsal fin with IX spines and 14 rays; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral-fin rays 15 or 16; pelvic-fin length contained 2.3 to 2.45 times in head length. Midlateral-body scales ctenoid; lateral-line scales 46 to 49; lateral-scale series 82 to 99.
Colour: Reddish, the edges of dorsal body scales dark brown; snout dark brown; postorbital head with pale blue network; pale blue line along rear edge of orbit; upper jaw and cheeks with scattered pale blue dots and short lines; fins reddish; margin of soft-dorsal, anal, and caudal fins pale bluish.


Papua New Guinea, Indonesia (Sulawesi, Flores), and the Philippines.


C. aitha has been found in protected or silty reef areas at depths of 5 to 33 m.


Attains 14 cm standard length.


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1993, Heemstra, P.C.; Randall, J.E., FAO species catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rock cod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date.
Author: Petr Čech

Links and literature

CZ AQUATAB. World Wide Web electronic publication [species/5335]

Plíštil J. (Ed.) (2009): AQUATAB. World Wide Web electronic publication [] [as Cephalopholis aitha Randall & Heemstra, 1991]
Data retrieved on: 17 January 2010
CH DE EN FR IT NL PR SP FishBase [6442]

Froese R., Pauly D. (eds.): FishBase []
EN IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013.2 [132782]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species [] [as Cephalopholis aitha Randall & Heemstra, 1991]
Data retrieved on: 27 January 2014

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