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Taxon profile

family

Muricids
Muricidae Rafinesque, 1815

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Mollusca - mollusks »  class Gastropoda - gastropods »  order Neogastropoda »  superfamily Muricoidea

Scientific synonyms

incl. Coralliophilinae Chenu, 1859, Ergalataxinae Kuroda & Habe, 1971, Haustrinae Tan, 2003, Muricinae Rafinesque, 1815, Muricopsinae Radwin & d'Attilio, 1971, Ocenebrinae Cossmann, 1903, Pagodulinae Barco, Schiaparelli, Houart & Oliverio, 2012, Rapaninae J. E. Gray, 1853, Thaidinae Jousseaume, 1888, Tripterotyphinae d'Atillio & Herz, 1988

Other names

= Coral Shells (Coralliophilinae)
= Murex and Rock Shells

Images

Taxonomy

Terminology used to describe the spiral cords and the apertural denticles of Muricidae (after Merle 1999 and 2001)

Spiral cords:
AB abapical (or abapertural);
ABIS abapical infrasutural secondary cord (on subsutural ramp);
ABP abapertural primary cord on the siphonal canal;
ABS abapertural secondary cord on the siphonal canal;
AD adapical (or adapertural); adis adapical infrasutural secondary cord (on subsutural ramp); ADP adapertural primary cord on the siphonal canal;
ADS adapertural secondary cord on the siphonal canal;
IP infrasutural primary cord (primary cord on subsutural ramp);
MP median primary cord on the siphonal canal;
MS median secondary cord on the siphonal canal;
P primary cord;
P1 shoulder cord;
P2-P6 primary cords of the convex part of the teleoconch whorl;
S secondary cord;
S1-S6 secondary cords of the convex part of the teleoconch whorl (example: s1 =
secondary cord between P1 and P2; s2 = secondary cord between P2 and P3, etc.);
T tertiary cord.

Aperture:
D1 to D6 abapical denticles;
ID Infrasutural denticle.
Merle
Author: Jan Delsing

Recently completed profiles

Maxwellia santarosana (W.H. Dall, 1905)
Dicathais orbita (J. F. Gmelin, 1791) - Common Cartrut-shell
Homalocantha vicdani d'Attilio & S. Kosuge, 1989
Nodulotrophon pumae Houart & Hendrickx, 2020
Zacatrophon scotti Houart & Hendrickx, 2020
Zacatrophon coani Houart & Hendrickx, 2020
Chicomurex gloriosus Shikama, 1977
Pazinotus gili Costa & A. Pimenta, 2012
Pazinotus bodarti (P.M.S. Costa, 1993)
Xanthochorus xanthostoma W. J. Broderip, 1833

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Included taxa

Number of records: 180

genus Abyssotrophon Egorov, 1993
genus Acanthais G.J. Vermeij & H.H. Kool, 1994
genus Acanthina Fischer de Waldheim, 1807
genus Acanthotrophon Hertlein & Strong, 1951
genus Actinotrophon Dall, 1902
genus Africanella Vermeij & Houart, 1999
genus Afritrophon Tomlin, 1947
genus Agnewia Tenison Woods, 1878
genus Anatrophon Iredale, 1929
genus Apixystus Iredale, 1929
genus Aspella Mörch, 1877
genus Attiliosa Emerson, 1968
genus Austrotrophon Dall, 1902
genus Axymene H.J. Finlay, 1926
genus Babelomurex Coen, 1922
genus Bedeva Iredale, 1924
genus Bedevina Habe, 1946
genus Benthoxystus Iredale, 1929
genus Bizetiella Radwin & D'Attilio, 1972
genus Bolinus Pusch, 1837
genus Boreotrophon P. Fischer, 1884
genus Bouchetia Houart & Héros, 2008
genus Brasityphis Absalão & Santos, 2003
genus Calotrophon Hertlein & Strong, 1951
genus Ceratostoma Hermannsen, 1846
genus Chicocenebra P. Bouchet & R. Houart, 1996
genus Chicomurex Arakawa, 1964
genus Chicoreus Montfort, 1810
genus Chorus Gray, 1847
genus Cinclidotyphis Du Shane, 1969
genus Claremontiella Houart, Zuccon & Puillandre, 2019
genus Comptella Finlay, 1926
genus Conchatalos Houart, 1995
genus Concholepas Lamarck, 1801
genus Coralliophila H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
genus Coronium Simone, 1996
genus Crassilabrum Jousseaume, 1880
genus Cronia Adams, 1853
genus Cymia Mörch, 1860
genus Cytharomorula Kuroda, 1953
genus Daphnellopsis Schepman, 1913
genus Dermomurex Monterosato, 1890
genus Dicathais Iredale, 1936
genus Distichotyphis Keen & Campbell, 1964
genus Drupa Bolten, 1798
genus Drupella Thiele, 1925
genus Drupina Dall, 1923
genus Emozamia Iredale, 1929
genus Enatimene Iredale, 1929
genus Enixotrophon Iredale, 1929
genus Ergalatax Iredale, 1931
genus Eupleura Adams, 1853
genus Evokesia Radwin & D' Attilio, 1972
genus Favartia Jousseaume, 1880
genus Flexopteron T. Shuto, 1969
genus Forreria Jousseaume, 1880
genus Fuegotrophon Powell, 1951
genus Gemixystus Iredale, 1929
genus Genkaimurex Kuroda, 1953
genus Habromorula Houart, 1995
genus Hadriania Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1882
genus Haustellum Schumacher, 1817
genus Haustrum Perry, 1811
genus Hexaplex Perry, 1811
genus Hirtomurex Coen, 1922
genus Homalocantha Mörch, 1852
genus Indothais M. Claremont, G.J. Vermeij, S.T. Williams & D.G. Reid, 2013
genus Inermicosta Jousseaume, 1880
genus Ingensia Houart, 2001
genus Jaton Pusch, 1837
genus Laevityphis Cossmann, 1903
genus Lataxiena Jousseaume, 1833
genus Latiaxis Swainson, 1840
genus Lenitrophon Finlay, 1926
genus Lepsithais Finlay, H.J., 1928
genus Leptotrophon Houart, 1995
genus Lindapterys Petuch, 1987
genus Liniaxis Laseron, 1955
genus Litozamia Iredale, 1929
genus Maculotriton Dall, 1904
genus Magilus Montfort, 1810
genus Mancinella Link, 1807
genus Maxwellia Bailey, 1950
genus Minortrophon Finlay, 1927
genus Mipus de Gregorio, 1885
genus Monstrotyphis Habe, 1961
genus Morula Schumacher, 1817
genus Muregina Vermeij, 1998
genus Murex Linnaeus, 1758
genus Murexsul Iredale, 1915
genus Muricanthus Swainson, 1840 - sting winkle
genus Muricodrupa Iredale, 1918
genus Muricopsis Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1882
genus Naquetia Jousseaume, 1880
genus Nassa Röding, 1798
genus Neorapana Cooke, 1918
genus Nipponotrophon Kuroda & Habe, 1971
genus Nodulotrophon Habe & Ito, 1965
genus Nucella Röding, 1798
genus Ocenebra Gray, 1847
genus Ocenotrophon McLean, 1995
genus Ocinebrellus Jousseaume, 1880
genus Ocinebrina Jousseaume, 1880
genus Orania Pallary, 1900
genus Pagodula Monterosato, 1884
genus Panamurex W.P. Woodring, 1959
genus Paratrophon Finlay, 1927
genus Pascula Dall, 1906
genus Paziella F.P. Jousseaume, 1880
genus Pazinotus E.H. Vokes, 1970
genus Phrygiomurex Dall, 1904
genus Phycothais Tan, 2003
genus Phyllocoma Canefri, 1880
genus Phyllonotus Swainson, 1833
genus Pinaxia Adams & Adams, 1853
genus Plicopurpura Cossmann, 1903
genus Poirieria Jousseaume, 1880
genus Ponderia Houart, 1986
genus Poropteron Jousseaume, 1880
genus Pradoxa Fernandes & Rolán, 1993
genus Prototyphis Ponder, 1972
genus Pterochelus Jousseaume, 1880
genus Pteropurpura Jousseaume, 1880
genus Pterorytis Conrad, 1862
genus Pterotyphis Jousseaume, 1881
genus Pterymarchia Houart, 1995
genus Pterynotus Swainson, 1833
genus Purpura Bruguiére, 1789
genus Purpurellus F.P. Jousseaume, 1880
genus Pygmaepterys Vokes, 1978
genus Rapa Röding, 1798
genus Rapana Schumacher, 1817
genus Reishia Kuroda, T. & T. Habe, 1971
genus Rhizochilus Steenstrup, 1850
genus Ricinella Schumacher, H.C.F., 1817
genus Rolandiella B.A. Marshall & K.W. Burch, 2000
genus Roperia Dall, 1898
genus Scabrotrophon McLean, 1996
genus Semiricinula Von Martens, 1903
genus Siphonochelus Jousseaume, 1880
genus Siratus Jousseaume, 1880
genus Spinidrupa Habe & Kosuge, 1966
genus Stramonita Schumacher, 1817
genus Subpterynotus Olsson & Harbison, 1953
genus Taurasia Bellardi, 1882
genus Tenguella K.Y. Arakawa, 1965
genus Terefundus Finlay, 1926
genus Thais Röding, 1798
genus Thaisella Clench, W.J., 1947
genus Thalessa H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
genus Timbellus A. De Gregorio, 1885
genus Trachypollia Woodring, 1928
genus Tribulus H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
genus Tripterotyphis Pilsbry & Lowe, 1932
genus Trochia Swainson, 1840
genus Trophon Montfort, 1810
genus Trophonella Harasewych & Pastorino, 2010
genus Trophonopsis Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1882
genus Typhina Jousseaume, 1880
genus Typhinellus Jousseaume, 1880
genus Typhis Montfort, 1810
genus Typhisala F.P. Jousseaume, 1881
genus Urosalpinx Stimpson, 1865
genus Uttleya Marwick, 1934
genus Vasula Mörch, 1860
genus Vaughtia R. Houart, 1995
genus Vesanula Finlay, 1926
genus Vexilla Swainson, 1840
genus Vitularia Swainson, 1840
genus Vokesimurex Petuch, 1994
genus Xanthochorus Fischer, 1884
genus Xenotrophon Iredale, 1929
genus Xymene Iredale, 1915
genus Xymenella Finlay, 1926
genus Xymenopsis Powell, 1951
genus Zacatrophon Hertlein & Strong, 1951
genus Zeatrophon Finlay, 1926

Unplaced taxa

genus Houartiella Smriglio, Mariottini & Bonfitto, 1997 inc.sed.
genus Sohliina Özdikmen, 2013 inc.sed.

Fossil taxa

genus Peritrophon Marwick, 1931

Links and literature

http://seashellsofnsw.org.au/Muricidae/P...
DESCRIPTION & PICTURE(S) SHELLS NEW SOUTH WALES - AUSTRALIA
EN The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera [106541]

Rees, T. (compiler): The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera [http://www.irmng.org] [as Muricidae Rafinesque, 1815]
Data retrieved on: 30 November 2019
CZ Pfleger V. (1999): České názvy živočichů III. Měkkýši (Mollusca), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 108 pp. [as Muricidae]
Data retrieved on: 11 November 2013
CZ Pfleger V. (1999): České názvy živočichů III. Měkkýši (Mollusca), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 108 pp. [as Coralliophilidae]
Data retrieved on: 11 November 2013

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Taxa (not confirmed) - 26
Names (not confirmed) - 1
Comments - 1


Explanations

inc.sed. incertae sedis - uncertain placement within this taxon

extinct taxon