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Taxon profile

genus

horse mussel
Modiolus Lamarck, 1799

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Mollusca - mollusks »  class Bivalvia - bivalves »  order Mytilida »  family Mytilidae - sea mussels

Description

Type species: Mytilus modiolus Linne 1758.
" Horse-mussel.'' Shell oblong or elongate, oblique, generally inflated anteriorly, and often compressed on the posterior side; umbos obtuse, anterior, but seldom terminal; hinge line without teeth crenulations; anterior margin expanded in front of the umbos, but quite smooth; shell smooth or concentrically striated, seldom ribbed, but in some species feebly striated on the posterior slope; periostracum often produced into long beard-like fringes; anterior adductor-scar larger than in Mytilus; posterior scars united, the byssal portion long and narrow, the adductor part rounded and not bulging upwards as in Mytilus. Distribution: Cosmopolitan.
Remarks: Second only in the size of species to Mytilus. Synonyms are Modiola Lamarck 1801, Volsella Gray 1847. A recent addition is M. victoriae Pritchard and Gatliff 1903.
Cotton, B.C., 1961. South Australian Mollusca. Pelecypoda.
Author: Jan Delsing

Included taxa

Number of records: 49

species Modiolus abyssicola Knudsen, 1970
species Modiolus agglutinans Cantraine, 1835
species Modiolus agripetus T. Iredale, 1939
species Modiolus albicosta Lamarck, 1819

Modiolus albicosta

species Modiolus americanus Leach, 1815

Modiolus americanus

species Modiolus areolatus A. A. Gould, 1850
species Modiolus aurantius (Jousseaume, 1919)
species Modiolus auriculata C. F. Krauss, 1848

Modiolus auriculata

species Modiolus barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Modiolus barbatus

species Modiolus capax T. A. Conrad, 1837
species Modiolus carpenteri Soot-Ryen, 1963 - California Horsemussel
species Modiolus carvalhoi Klappenbach, 1966
species Modiolus cecillei R. A. Philippi, 1847
species Modiolus comptus G. B. Sowerby III, 1915

Modiolus comptus

species Modiolus cylindricus C. F. Krauss, 1848
species Modiolus difficilis T. Kuroda & T. Habe, 1950
species Modiolus eiseni A. M. Strong & J. G. Hertlein, 1937
species Modiolus flavidus R. W. Dunker, 1857

Modiolus flavidus

species Modiolus glaberrimus R. W. Dunker, 1856
species Modiolus hanleyi R. W. Dunker, 1882

Modiolus hanleyi

species Modiolus kurilensis Bernard, 1983

Modiolus kurilensis

species Modiolus ligneus L. A. Reeve, 1858
species Modiolus lulat Dautzenberg, 1891

Modiolus lulat

species Modiolus lunata Ph. Dautzenberg
species Modiolus margaritacea Nomura & Hatai, 1940

Modiolus margaritacea

species Modiolus martini M. M. Schepman, 1891
species Modiolus martorelli J. Hidalgo, 1878

Modiolus martorelli

species Modiolus matris H. A. Pilsbry, 1921
species Modiolus metcalfei Hanley, 1843

Modiolus metcalfei

species Modiolus micropterus G. P. Deshayes, 1836
species Modiolus modiolus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Northern Horsemussel
species Modiolus nebulosus J. E. Tennison-Woods, 1876
species Modiolus neglectus Soot-Ryen, 1955
species Modiolus nipponica Oyama, 1950

Modiolus nipponica

species Modiolus nitidus L. A. Reeve, 1857
species Modiolus oyamai T. Habe, 1981

Modiolus oyamai

species Modiolus penetectus (Verco, 1907)

Modiolus penetectus

species Modiolus philippinarum Hanley, 1843

Modiolus philippinarum

species Modiolus plicatus J. F. Gmelin, 1791
species Modiolus pseudotulipus A. A. Olsson, 1961
species Modiolus rectus T. A. Conrad, 1837
species Modiolus rumphii (R.A. Philippi, 1847)
species Modiolus sacculiferus S. S. Berry, 1953
species Modiolus sirahensis F. P. Jousseaume, 1891
species Modiolus squamosus Beauperthuy, 1967

Modiolus squamosus

species Modiolus stultorum F. P. Jousseaume, 1893
species Modiolus trailli L. A. Reeve, 1843
species Modiolus tulipa J. B. Lamarck, 1819
species Modiolus vaginus J. B. Lamarck, 1819

Modiolus vaginus


Links and literature

EN The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera [1321203]

Rees, T. (compiler): The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera [http://www.irmng.org] [as Modiolus Lamarck, 1799]
Data retrieved on: 30 November 2019

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