Taxon profile


Measled Cowrie
Macrocypraea zebra (Linnaeus, 1758)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Mollusca - mollusks »  class Gastropoda - gastropods »  order Littorinimorpha »  family Cypraeidae - Cowries »  genus Macrocypraea

Scientific synonyms

Cypraea zebra Linnaeus, 1758
Cypraea dubia Gmelin, J.F., 1791
Cypraea exanthema Linnaeus, 1767
Erosaria exanthemata Perry, G., 1811
Cypraea glauca Röding, P.F., 1798
Cypraea leucopsis Shaw, 1803
Cypraea plumbea Gmelin, J.F., 1791
Erosaria pudica Rous, 1905
Erosaria zebra vallei M. L. Jaume & P. Borro, 1946

Type taxon of:Macrocypraea Schilder, 1930 (Cypraea exanthema Linnaeus, 1767)


Macrocypraea zebra - Measled Cowrie

Author: Jan Delsing

Macrocypraea zebra - Measled Cowrie

Author: Jan Delsing

Macrocypraea zebra - Measled Cowrie

origin Caribik

Author: Klaus Rudloff

Taxon in country check-lists*

* List of countries might not be complete


As Cypraea exanthema:
Shell rather elongated, subcylindrical; aperture slightly curved, a little wider below; inner and outer lips well raised above the spire, and separated above by a rounded canal; below, the outer lip and columella project each in a flattened process, with a short, open canal between; teeth moderately strong, very dark brown. Color pale chocolate, varying to tawny on the back, with numerous rather large, round, whitish spots. The meeting line of the lobes of the mantle is whitish and straight.
Length, 100; diameter, 50 mm.
Dall, W.H. & Simpson, C.T., 1901. The Mollusca of Porto Rico.
Measled Cowrie
Distribution: Texas, Florida to Brazil. Size: 51 to 114 mm
Description: Color light brown with spots, ocellated spots distinct; shape elongate-oval; aperture elongate with chocolate brown columellar teeth, last tooth on anterior end distinct, labial teeth chocolate brown.
Habitat: Calcareous substrate. At FGB at depths from 18 to 27 m (60 to 90 ft). Depth range 0 to 37 m (121 ft).
Remarks: Differs from M. cervus by having ocellated spots on the lateral margins and not as inflated. See Burgess (1985); Lorenz and Hubert (2000). Synonyms: Cypraea zebra Linnaeus, 1758; C exanthema Linnaeus, 1767.
Tunnell, J.W. , Andrews, J. , Barrera, N.C. & Moretzsohn, F., 2010. Encyclopedia of Texas seashells.
Author: Jan Delsing

Links and literature

EN Galli C.: WMSDB - Wolrdwide Mollusc Species Data Base July 10, 2013 [] [as Macrocypraea zebra (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 23 November 2013
CZ Pfleger V. (1999): České názvy živočichů III. Měkkýši (Mollusca), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 108 pp. [as Cypraea zebra Linnaeus, 1758]
Data retrieved on: 11 November 2013

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