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Taxon profile

species

Atlantic Deer Cowrie
Macrocypraea cervus (Linnaeus, 1771)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Mollusca - mollusks »  class Gastropoda - gastropods »  order Littorinimorpha »  family Cypraeidae - Cowries »  genus Macrocypraea

Scientific synonyms

Cypraea cervus Linnaeus, 1771
Macrocypraea cervus cervus (Linnaeus, 1771)
Cypraea bifasciata Gmelin, J.F., 1791
Cypraea jousseaumei Vayssiere, A.J.B.M., 1905
Cypraea meleagris Röding, P.F., 1798

Images

Macrocypraea cervus - Atlantic Deer Cowrie

Author: Jan Delsing

Macrocypraea cervus lindseyi

Macrocypraea cervus lindseyi

Author: Petuch, E.

Macrocypraea cervus - Atlantic Deer Cowrie

Author: Jan Delsing

Macrocypraea cervus - Atlantic Deer Cowrie

Author: Jan Delsing

Macrocypraea cervus - Atlantic Deer Cowrie

Author: Jan Delsing

Taxon in country check-lists*

* List of countries might not be complete

Description

Atlantic Deer Cowrie
Distribution: North Carolina to Florida, Texas; Cuba; Bermuda. Size: 76 to 190 mm
Description: Color brown with beige-tan dorsal spots, teeth chocolate brown; shape elongate-oval, spire concealed, thick dorsal line; aperture long and narrow with columellar lip turned inward; teeth most pronounced on outer labial process, less pronounced on columellar lip.
Habitat: Common in calcareous environments, such as coral reefs. In Texas found at FGB and Seven and One-half Fathom Reef at depths from 14 to 53 m (45 to 174 ft). Depth range 0 to 53 m (174 ft).
Remarks: This is the largest cowrie in the western Atlantic. SeeTunnell and Chaney (1970); Crovo (1971); Andrews (1977); Burgess (1985); Lorenz and Hubert (2000). Synonym: Cypraea cervus Linnaeus, 1771.
Tunnell, J.W. , Andrews, J. , Barrera, N.C. & Moretzsohn, F., 2010. Encyclopedia of Texas seashells.
Author: Jan Delsing

Included taxa

Number of records: 2

subspecies Macrocypraea cervus lindseyi Petuch, 2013

Macrocypraea cervus lindseyi


Fossil taxa

subspecies Macrocypraea cervus peilei Schilder, 1932

Links and literature

EN Galli C.: WMSDB - Wolrdwide Mollusc Species Data Base July 10, 2013 [http://www.bagniliggia.it/WMSD/WMSDhome....] [as Macrocypraea cervus (Linnaeus, 1771)]
Data retrieved on: 23 November 2013
CZ Pfleger V. (1999): České názvy živočichů III. Měkkýši (Mollusca), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 108 pp. [as Cypraea cervus Linnaeus, 1771]
Data retrieved on: 11 November 2013

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Explanations

extinct taxon