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Taxon profile

species

West Indian Fighting Conch
Strombus pugilis Linnaeus, 1758

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Mollusca - mollusks »  class Gastropoda - gastropods »  order Littorinimorpha »  family Strombidae - stromboid conchs »  genus Strombus

Other names

= Fighting Conch

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Description

Shell with about eleven whorls, which are sculptured with revolving threads on the spire and the base of the body whorl; earlier whorls with fine, longitudinal ribs, which generally develop into nodules later, and into spines on the last two whorls; outer lip slightly thickened, winged and projecting forward above, widely spread, with an open canal next to the spire, notched below somewhat above the base, the base also notched, the shell being very thin at this part; columellar callus covering the base of the shell. The shell is covered with a rather thick epidermis, under which it is brownish, reddish, orange, or straw colored, the aperture and base being brilliantly colored. Length, 80; diameter, 55 mm.
An abundant and variable species, which is sometimes destitute of spines, and this form Gmelin called S. alatus. In most of the West Indian forms the spines stand at right angles to the axis of the shell. In a majority of the Floridian specimens they are less developed and point upward. Occasionally the shell is straw colored or nearly white within; in some of the Floridian shells the interior is blue purple, and without it is sometimes variegated with zigzag lines. Specimens tend, in the West Indies, toward a smaller size, more prominent spines, and a pale salmon-pink tint, the more southern and eastern the locality from which they come.
Dall, W.H. & Simpson, C.T., 1901. The Mollusca of Porto Rico.
Author: Jan Delsing

Included taxa

Number of records: 1

subspecies Strombus pugilis nicaraguensis W.H. Fluck, 1915

Strombus pugilis nicaraguensis - 000000000111000


Links and literature

EN Galli C.: WMSDB - Wolrdwide Mollusc Species Data Base July 10, 2013 [http://www.bagniliggia.it/WMSD/WMSDhome....] [as Strombus pugilis Linnaeus, 1758]
Data retrieved on: 23 November 2013
EN Wieneke U., Stoutjesdijk H.: Stromboidea Wiki [http://www.stromboidea.de/] [as Strombus pugilis Linnaeus, 1758]
CZ Pfleger V. (1999): České názvy živočichů III. Měkkýši (Mollusca), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 108 pp. [as Strombus pugilis (LINNÉ, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 11 November 2013

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