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Taxon profile

species

Praemegaceros dawkinsi (Newton, 1882)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Chordata - chordates »  class Mammalia - mammals »  order Cetartiodactyla - even-toed ungulates »  family Cervidae - deer and moose »  genus Praemegaceros

Scientific synonyms

Cervus dawkinsi Newton, 1882 o
Megaceroides dawkinsi (Newton, 1882)
Megaloceros dawkinsi (Newton, 1882)

Type taxon of:Praemegaceros Portis, 1920 (Cervus dawkinsi Newton, 1882)
Temporal range:Middle Pleistocene

Taxon in country check-lists*

* List of countries might not be complete

Diagnosis (CROITOR, 2006): A deer of medium size. The subbasal tine normally is reduced; in some cases, it may be quite well-expressed (for instance in the type specimen) or present as a vestigial knob. The dorsal tine is reduced; however it may be present as a vestigial knob as well. The middle and the posterior tines are developed. The antler beam is set obliquely with respect to the burr plane. The beam is straight, without curves in the areas of dorsal and posterior tines. The antler portion above the posterior tine is shortened. The distal part of antler is palmed. The pedicles are compressed dorso-ventrally. The cheek teeth are high-crowned.
DAWKINS (1872) originally interpreted the antler of a rather small-sized deer as a juvenile form of Cervus verticornis. The brief description of antler was supplemented with a figure and measurements. NEWTON (1882) described the “juvenile” antler as a new species Cervus dawkinsi and designated the specimen figured by DAWKINS (1872: fig. 1) as a holotype. PORTIS (1920) quoted C. dawkinsi in the composition of the subgenus Cervus (Praemegaceros). KAHLKE (1956) designated C. dawkinsi as the type species of the genus Praemegaceros.

Links and literature

CROITOR, R., 2006. Taxonomy and systematics of large-sized deer of the genus Praemegaceros Portis, 1920 (Cervidae, Mammalia). In: R. D. Kahlke, L. C. Maul, P. P. A. Mazza (Eds.): Late Neogene and Quaternary biodiversity and evolution: Regional developments and interregional correlations. Volume I. Courrier Forsch.-Institut Senckenberg, 256, 91-116.
Data retrieved on: 30 November 2015
EN Fossilworks - Paleobiology Database [115128]

Fossilworks - Paleobiology Database [http://fossilworks.org/] [as Cervus dawkinsi Newton, 1882]
Data retrieved on: 27 January 2016

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Explanations

extinct taxon

o original combination

species extinct in area described by check-list