Taxon profile


European Bison
Bison bonasus (Linnaeus, 1758)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Chordata - chordates »  class Mammalia - mammals »  order Cetartiodactyla - even-toed ungulates »  family Bovidae - cattle, antelopes, sheep and goats »  genus Bison - Bisons

Scientific synonyms

Bison europaeus
Bos bonasus Linnaeus, 1758 o
Urus nostras Bojanus, 1827

Other names

= Wisent

IUCN category:Vulnerable


Taxon in country check-lists*

* List of countries might not be complete


Intertaxon relationships

parasite: Parafasciolopsis fasciolaemorpha Ejsmont, 1932, Pholeoixodes hexagonus (Leach, 1815), Chorioptes bovis (Hering, 1845), Cooperia pectinata Ransom, 1907, Haemonchus contortus (Rudolphi, 1803), ...

Subordinated taxa

Number of records: 3

subspecies Bison bonasus bonasus (Linnaeus, 1758) - European Lowland Bison

Bison bonasus bonasus - European Lowland Bison

subspecies Bison bonasus caucasicus (Turkin & Satunin, 1904) - Caucasian Wisent

Bison bonasus caucasicus - Caucasian Wisent

subspecies Bison bonasus hungarorum Kretzoi, 1946 - Carpathian Wisent

Links and literature

Bojanus L. H., 1825 (1827): De uro nostrate eiusque sceleto commentatio scripsit et bovis primigenii sceleto auxit. Nova acta physico-medica Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae Curiosorum, 13(2): 411-478. [as Urus nostras]
EN Fauna Europaea 2.4 [305222]

de Jong, Y.S.D.M. (ed.): Fauna Europaea [] [as Bison bonasus (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 9 March 2012
EN Fossilworks - Paleobiology Database [149695]

Fossilworks - Paleobiology Database [] [as Bison bonasus (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 11 December 2015
EN IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013.2 [2814]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species [] [as Bison bonasus (Linnaeus, 1758)]
Data retrieved on: 27 January 2014
EN Wilson D. E., Reeder D. M. (editors) (2005): Mammal Species of the World (MSW). A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed) [] [as Bison bonasus Linnaeus, 1758]
Data retrieved on: 5 December 2008
CZ Anděra M. (1999): České názvy živočichů II. Savci (Mammalia), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 147 pp. [as Bison bonasus (Linnaeus, 1758)]

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o original combination

species extinct in area described by check-list

extinct taxon