Taxon profile


Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758)

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Chordata - chordates »  class Mammalia - mammals »  order Carnivora - carnivores »  family Felidae - cats »  genus Panthera

Scientific synonyms

Felis leo Linnaeus, 1758 o
Leo africanus Brehm, 1829
Tigris leo (Linnaeus, 1758)
Leo maculates Heuvelmans, 1955 (nomen nudum) n
Leo nobilis Gray, 1867 (nomen nudum) n

IUCN category:Vulnerable


juvenile animal



Intertaxon relationships

parasite: Ancylostoma paraduodenale Biocca, 1951

prey: Kobus kob (Erxleben, 1777) - Kob, Kobus leche Gray, 1850 - Leche, Kobus vardonii (Livingstone, 1857) - Puku, Aepyceros melampus (Lichtenstein, 1812) - Impala, Litocranius walleri (Brooke, 1879) - Gerenuk, ...

Included taxa

Number of records: 11

subspecies Panthera leo azandica (J. A. Allen, 1924) - North East Congo Lion
subspecies Panthera leo bleyenberghi (Lönnberg, 1914) - Katanga Lion

Panthera leo bleyenberghi - Katanga Lion

subspecies Panthera leo fossilis (von Reichenau, 1906) - Early Middle Pleistocene European Cave Lion
subspecies Panthera leo krugeri (Roberts, 1929) - South African Lion

Panthera leo krugeri - South African Lion

subspecies Panthera leo leo (Linnaeus, 1758) - Barbary Lion

Panthera leo leo - Barbary Lion

subspecies Panthera leo melanochaita (Smith, 1842) - Cape Lion
subspecies Panthera leo nubica (de Blainville, 1843) - East African Lion

Panthera leo nubica - East African Lion

subspecies Panthera leo persica (Meyer, 1826) - Asiatic Lion

Panthera leo persica - Asiatic Lion

subspecies Panthera leo senegalensis (Meyer, 1826) - West African Lion
subspecies Panthera leo shawi (Broom, 1948)
subspecies Panthera leo sinhaleyus Deraniyagala, 1938 - Sri Lanka Lion

Links and literature

EN ARKive [/lion/panthera-leo/]

ARKive []
Data retrieved on: 16 December 2010
EN Wilson D. E., Reeder D. M. (editors) (2005): Mammal Species of the World (MSW). A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed) [] [as Panthera leo Linnaeus, 1758]
Data retrieved on: 5 December 2008
CZ Anděra M. (1999): České názvy živočichů II. Savci (Mammalia), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 147 pp. [as Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758)]

Contributions to BioLib

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Taxa (not confirmed) - 4


o original combination

n invalid name - nomen nudum

species extinct in area described by check-list

extinct taxon