Taxon profile


Conidae Rafinesque, 1815

kingdom Animalia - animals »  phylum Mollusca - mollusks »  class Gastropoda - gastropods »  order Caenogastropoda »  superfamily Conoidea


Shell medium-sized to large or very large, normally 20-50 mm, up to 170 mm high, conical or biconical, with narrow aperture and short siphonal canal. Shell with considerable internal remodelling due to inner wall resorption. Spiral sculpture usually developed, axial sculpture absent or in form of shoulder tuberculatum. Anal sinus on subsutural ramp, shallow to moderately deep. Operculum present, small, with terminal nucleus. Radula of marginal hypodermic teeth, generally harpoon-shaped, barbed at tip, often with complex inner structure of folds and serration, base small and swollen, tooth canal opening (sub) terminally, rarely laterally. Subradular membrane vestigial. Teeth can be attached to the membrane by long or very long flexible ligament. Tooth wall forms several overlapping layers.
Source: Bouchet et all, 2011. A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda).

Interchangeable taxa

In Conidae and the other families that are included in the major clade Conoidea, the radula consists only of marginal teeth that are usually enrolled with completely overlapping edges (hypodermic). Teeth at their formation in the radular sac are already enrolled and they are attached to the radular membrane only by their bases, sometimes through a long flexible ligament. In the 'turrid families' with enrolled teeth, these are attached to the membrane along most of its length (Kantor & Taylor, 2000).
Source: Bouchet et all, 2011. A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda).
Author: Jan Delsing

Subordinated taxa

Number of records: 2

subfamily Coninae Rafinesque, 1815
subfamily Oenopotinae Bogdanov, 1987

Links and literature

CZ Pfleger V. (1999): České názvy živočichů III. Měkkýši (Mollusca), Národní muzeum, (zoologické odd.), Praha, 108 pp. [as Conidae]
Data retrieved on: 11 November 2013

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