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Glossary entry

author citation

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The name of the authority for a taxon name, when cited, should follow the taxon name without any intervening marks or punctuation. Its citation is optional and may or may not be followed immediately by the year. Examples:-
A.... Smith, 1970
Smith was the first person to validly publish the name A...., which he did in 1970.
A.... Smith in Jones, 1970
Smith was the first person to validly publish the name A...., which he did within a publication by Jones in 1970.
A.... Smith 1970 ex Jones, 1942
Smith was the first person to validly publish the name A.... in 1970, but which had formerly been used by Jones in 1942, but which he had never validly published.
A.... b.... (Smith,) 1970 or A.... b.... (Smith, 1970)
Smith was the first person to validly publish the species name b.... in 1970, but which at the time he put in combination with another genus name.
A.... c.... (Smith) Jones
Smith was the first person to validly publish the species name c...., but which at that time he put in combination with another genus name. Jones is responsible for the transfer of the species to genus A.....
A.... b.... [Smith]
The name was originally published anonymously but from external information the author is known to be Smith.
A.... Smith, [1970]
Date of publication established solely from external evidence e.g. publisher's correspondence.
A.... Smith, 1970 non Jones, 1860 nec Brown, 1967
The genus referred to is specifically that described by Smith 1970 and not those homonymous genera described by Jones 1860 or Brown 1967.
A.... b.... Smith, 1970 sensu Jones, 1977
A.... b.... Smith : Jones
A.... b.... : Jones
These all mean that A.... b.... was originally published by Smith, but that this refers specifically to a subsequent, more restricted usage of the name i.e. as used by Jones (: may sometimes be given as ;).
A.... b.... auct. non Smith, 1970
A.... b.... sensu auct. non Smith, 1970
These refer to instances of the use of A.... b.... by all authors for a taxon which is other than that as published by Smith 1970.
A.... b.... Smith, partim Jones
A.... b.... Smith, emend. Jones
These both mean Smith originally published A.... b...., but later Jones further subdivided the species so that its diagnosis was more limited than that originally published by Smith. See also Emended diagnosis.

Source:
BIOSIS [online] [cit. 5-Oct-2004] Thomson BIOSIS - Nomenclatural Glossary for Zoology.

See also:
authority
combination
homonymous

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